Responding to the 1/6 Coup Attempt

The day before the storming of the Capitol, I was interviewed on my friend Luke Baumgarten’s podcast RANGE: EPISODE 23 | Anti-terrorism feat Joan Braune – RANGE (rangemedia.co) The conversation focused somewhat on the limitations of a state counter-terrorism or “Countering Violent Extremism” model of fighting fascism, but because of my concerns about the words “terrorism” and “extremism,” we also ended up talking a bit about what the discipline of philosophy can add to work against the far-right in interrogating use of language, and we also talked a bit about left strategy, in particular the problem of providing outlets for the pursuit of meaning and belonging as part of counter-recruiting from the far-right.

After the events of January 6, Luke asked me to write an article accompanying the podcast episode and updating my reflections in light of the coup attempt. That’s available here: It’s time for a different strategy – RANGE (rangemedia.co).

I appeared more informally on my old friends Babette and Gary’s Milwaukee radio program, The Grass is Greener, to chat about the coup attempt as well. That recording is here: The Grass is Greener – 2021-01-15 Prof. Joan Braune on Jan. 6 and the Far Right by wxrw | Free Listening on SoundCloud.

The past couple of weeks have been a whirlwind, and in response to the coup, I’m receiving many requests for interviews and speaking engagements as well as fielding research questions. Some of my upcoming talks with semester will focus on white nationalist recruitment of youth, and how we can push back. I’m also working on finishing my book.

The threat posed by fascism and the far-right certainly will not be going away under a Biden administration. A lot of hard work and organizing lies ahead of us, and we will have to interrogate the structures and systems–including white supremacy and capitalism–that make these manifestations possible. One of the themes of my conversations and research lately is that new legislation, harsher punishments, or increased surveillance are not going to be sufficient to stop the rise of fascism, which needs to be countered by a broad-based social movement.

Panel: White Supremacy and the Pacific Northwest

On November 5, I presented on a panel, “White Supremacy, the 2020 Election, and the Pacific Northwest: White Power and Hate Studies Analysis,” hosted by the Eastern Washington University Women’s and Gender Education Center. I was joined on the panel by two scholars whom I respect immensely, political scientist Joe Lowndes and investigative journalist Jason Wilson.

My presentation focused on a critique of the concept of “extremism” as a paradigm for interpreting fascist and white supremacist movements. In brief, I mentioned that theorizing fascists and white supremacists as “extremists” can lead to (1) falling for fascists’ normalization tactics, because one expects them to seem strange and marginal; (2) ignoring the ways in which U.S. American society embraces white supremacy as a norm; (3) pairing the left and the right together in ways that lead to a state crackdown on the left; (4) promoting Islamophobia, by participating in a discourse that targets Muslims; and (5) misinterpreting fascism as primarily a crime problem, instead of seeing it as a social movement seeking power, always already connected to sources of power.

Watch the full panel here.

I recommended the following books and resources in my talk, which I’m happy to note here in further detail for those who would like to look them up:

Arun Kundnani, The Muslims Are Coming!: Islamophobia, Extremism, and the Domestic War on Terror (London: Verso, 2015)

Aurelien Mondon and Aaron Winter, Reactionary Democracy: How Racism and the Populist Far Right Became Mainstream (London: Verso, 2020) 

Liz Fekete, Europe’s Fault Lines: Racism and the Rise of the Right (London: Verso, 2019) 

Western States Center Toolkit on Confronting White Nationalism in Schools: https://www.westernstatescenter.org/schools/.

The Far-Right, Election, and Strategic Response …Spooktacular Edition

Here is my third guest appearance on my Milwaukee friends’ radio program, The Grass is Greener, this Halloween weekend. We talked about far-right violence in connection with the election, stochastic terrorism, maintaining hope (“pessimism of the intellect, optimism of the will”!), and how the left can build culture, community, and even study groups to help quell the growing threat of fascism. Give it a listen.

Also, here is the list of accompanying links that I sent to show co-host Babette to share with listeners who would like to learn more about some of the topics addressed in the episode:

“10 Things You Need to Know to Stop a Coup”: https://wagingnonviolence.org/…/10-things-you-need-to…/

“Labor Prepares for Last-Minute General Strike if Trump Tries to Steal Election”: https://truthout.org/…/labor-prepares-for-last…/…

(by me) “Coronavirus Conspiracy Theories Wrongly Attempt to Fill Human Needs”: https://spokanefavs.com/coronavirus-conspiracy-theories…/

“For Black Panthers, Radicalization Entailed Self-Transformation”: https://truthout.org/…/for-black-panthers…/

“Trump Official [Julia Hahn] Brought Hate Connections to the White House”: https://www.splcenter.org/…/trump-official-brought-hate…

“National Security Attorney Calls DHS Detentions in Portland ‘Kidnappings’”: https://www.msn.com/…/national-security…/ar-BB16Uv18

“Trump Seems to Endorse Extrajudicial Killing: ‘There Has to Be Retribution’”: https://www.huffpost.com/…/trump-endorses-extrajudicial…

“Republican Matt Shea ‘Participated in Act of Domestic Terrorism,’ Says Report”: https://www.theguardian.com/…/matt-shea-domestic…

Overcoming Islamophobia and Seeking Understanding

This Tuesday, October 27, 7pm-8:30pm, Bridges Not Walls is hosting a zoom forum on “Overcoming Islamophobia and Seeking Understanding.” 

Speakers are:

*Duaa-Rahemaah Williams — a Black Afro American revert to Islam who is active in work in Spokane on housing and homelessness, mass incarceration and other systems 
*Ava Sharifi — a recent graduate in Political Science from Eastern Washington University and soon-to-be law student, who speaks about her personal experiences as an Iranian American throughout her activism and social justice work
*Fr. Patrick Baraza — a Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at Gonzaga University whose specializations are Islamic civilization and African religion; has assisted the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ outreach to Muslim communities
*Jordan Denari Duffner — author and scholar of Muslim-Christian relations, interreligious dialogue, and Islamophobia. Her books are Finding Jesus among Muslims: How Loving Islam Makes Me a Better Catholic (2017) and Islamophobia: What Christians Should Know (and Do) about Anti-Muslim Discrimination (spring 2021).

The link for the zoom event is:  https://gonzaga.zoom.us/j/92231629152?pwd=bEtyQ3JWR0JxeE1kK0FQMk0weXlDQT09 and the password is    727611 . (If you are calling in and need the meeting ID number, it is:  922 3162 9152.) There is also a Facebook event page here:  https://www.facebook.com/events/418520922476981.

I am chairing and helping to organize this event and wanted to share this announcement. All are welcome.

Bridges Not Walls is a group founded by Spokane Catholics to build dialogue and friendship with the local Muslim community and do education and advocacy against Islamophobia. We helped host national-level Muslim advocate Aneelah Afzali for a forum and training on being allies with Muslims. One of our events was a forum held at the Gonzaga law school on Mary/Maryam in the Catholic and Muslim traditions, with a Catholic and Muslim speaker. It was cosponsored by the Gonzaga University Department of Religious Studies. We also held an Iftar dinner on a downtown rooftop, and our group has issued some statements in protest of Islamophobic activity in Spokane, including helping to organize a letter signed by multiple organizations against Islamophobic “police trainer” John Guandolo.

Speaking on Far-Right Violence Surrounding Presidential Election; Other Updates

I am honored to have accepted an invitation to speak at a post-election panel on November 5 (wonder if we’ll know who the next president is by then!) at Eastern Washington University alongside Joseph Lowndes (co-author of Producers, Parasites, Patriots: Race and the New Right-Wing Politics of Precarity) and Jason Wilson (the Guardian reporter whose beat on the far-right has included exposing former state Representative Matt Shea’s extensive far-right and violent ties).

Over the past month, I have spoken to a few community groups about the likelihood of hate group and right-wing insurgent violence surrounding the upcoming election, as well as the possibility of authoritarian/fascist coup, and how the left might be able to push back with mass protest and a general strike. I have been sharing around this article from Waging Nonviolence: “Ten Things You Need to Know to Stop a Coup.” I’m continuing to cover this and related topics, including with an upcoming radio appearance at the end of the month on Milwaukee Riverwest Radio’s The Grass is Greener.

I am organizing an upcoming zoom forum for Bridges Not Walls, a local Muslim-Catholic dialogue group that works against Islamophobia. The working title is “Facts, Fears, and Faith: Overcoming Islamophobia and the Road to Understanding.” I will share information on sign-up shortly. Speakers include Jordan Denari Duffner, author of Finding Jesus Among Muslims: How Loving Islam Makes Me a Better Catholic as well as a new, forthcoming book on Islamophobia. This is timely: The new papal encyclical Fratelli Tutti emphasizes the necessity of “encounter” with other faiths and begins and opens with mention of two Catholic saints who contributed to Muslim-Catholic understanding.

I am pleased to see that a non-profit that does work against hate is developing an extensive guide for parents on preventing white nationalist recruitment of teens. This is urgent and important work. I’m an external reviewer for the document, and I am helping the writers make connections with others who do research in this area.

Yeah Nah Pasaran! Podcast Episode

This week I went on Australian-based antifascist podcast Yeah Nah Pasaran! It was a lively and wide-ranging discussion, touching on my research on Cultural Marxism as an antisemitic conspiracy theory; the influence of the apocalyptic thinking of Julius Evola on both Steve Bannon and neo-Nazi accelerationist groups; the role of Erich Fromm’s Critical Theory in helping us understand fascism and how to fight it; and ideological and ethical problems in the deradicalization/”Countering Violent Extremism” field.

You can listen to the episode here: https://www.3cr.org.au/yeahnahpasaran/episode-202009171630/dr-joan-braune-cultural-marxism-bannon-compassion.

I also presented a couple of weeks ago at workshop in the series on Research Ethics and the Far-Right. My presentation was not recorded but focused on my research on the problem of former neo-Nazis’ “compassion narratives,” a topic I also explain and address in the podcast episode. It was great to reflect with other researchers over the course of several weeks on the ethical dilemmas involved in research on the far-right.

A recurring theme of the research ethics discussions was the question of empathy: namely, is it possible to empathize with far-right research subjects without giving credence to their views, or distorting our understanding of the harm they cause? Ultimately, I think it depends on what one means by “empathy.” An intellectual curiosity and even human concern about people’s motives and experiences can still be undertaken from a position of primary solidarity with fascism’s targets and victims, but if empathy means presuming that fascists have “legitimate grievances” and are misunderstood, then one is beginning to abandon the ethical commitments needed in this work.

Countering Conspiracy Theories and Youth Recruitment; Self-Care

My article on “cultural Marxism” as an antisemitic conspiracy theory about the Frankfurt School was recently published in a special issue of the Journal of Social Justice on antisemitism. The article as well as others are available here through the online, open-access journal.

The webinar on countering youth recruitment into hate groups, which was co-sponsored by the Peace and Justice Action League of Spokane and the Eastern Washington University Women’s and Gender Education Center, is available here. I presented alongside autistic disability rights activist and para-educator Eric Warwick and local school counselor Lupe Wolfe. (Eric’s research on how autistic people are targeted by the alt-right as both potential recruits and as victims, is unique and necessary in its emphasis on how racism, ableism, and authoritarianism, especially in schools and the medical system, are driving recruitment of some autistic people to the far-right. This analysis challenges essentialist, biologistic, and ableist theories that claim that autistic people have brains that make them more susceptible to involvement in fascism.)

It was also a pleasure to present recently at the joint conference of the Berkeley Center for Right-Wing Studies and Institute for Research on Male Supremacism. I gave a brief talk on self/community care for researchers on hate and extremism. Although I do not think a video or transcript will be available I can summarize and suggest that for anyone new to this work:

(1) Limit the time you spend on it and balance your work against hate with hobbies, social life, and projects that are unrelated.

(2) Realize that this work is not like other kinds of research; it takes a toll on everyone, and disproportionately on some, especially people of color. To expect everyone who does this work to just be “fine” would be a form of victim-blaming, but we can all work together to support each other and work to implement certain practices to make it more manageable personally.

(3) I have personally found that exercising outside and spending time in nature has been very fruitful for me personally in coping with the toll of the research. Several other people engaged in this work have told me the same thing.

(4) Watch yourself for signs of compassion fatigue. I suggested watching this Ted Talk by Laura van Dernoot Lipsky as well as reading her excellent book Trauma Stewardship, on managing the toll of activism and social service work. I also suggested that as researchers we need to reflect on “boundaries” as both personal and political, and I recommended Cristien Storm’s book Empowered Boundaries. (Storm is both an activist/educator against white nationalism and a therapist whose writing on “boundaries” comes partly from her experience leading a self-defense training program in Seattle following the murder of a member of the left music scene there.)

(5) See a therapist if you are beginning to feel overwhelmed (or before).

I also told people that if they want to talk to me about their experiences, I can see if I can help, or if not, can connect them to others who are working to build community and support each other in this work. I can be reached at standinsolidarity@yahoo.com.

I am presenting in September as part of an ongoing workshop series on research ethics in research on the far-right, organized in part by Aurelien Mondon, co-author of Reactionary Democracy: How Racism and the Populist Far Right Became Mainstream (Verso 2020). My presentation will cover my research on the ethical implications of “compassion narratives” told by former white supremacists and why as researchers we may want to be more cautious and critical in the sharing of these redemption narratives in the public and through our research, while also acknowledging that people can and do leave white supremacist movements and change.

I am currently working on finishing my book for Routledge’s “Fascism and Far-Right” series. I hope to have more updates soon.

My best to everyone struggling for racial justice, economic and political democracy, and liberation at this challenging time. Let’s all continue to do what we can to stay in the streets, or keep active in whatever way we are able, to support Black Lives Matter and to push back against the growing threat of fascism, as seen for example in the violent police and DHS repression in Portland recently. Like many people watching unfolding events, I am deeply concerned that Trump may not leave office even if he loses the election; an attitude of waiting to see what happens in November will not serve us well, and we must do what we can to organize and prepare for that possibility as activists and public researchers. That’s my take–for what it’s worth.

A Few Quick Updates

On Wednesday next week, May 13, I am joining Eric Warwick and Lupe Wolfe on a webinar encouraging people to talk with their kids, and to understand and prevent online recruitment into hate movements during this pandemic. Please consider signing up or inviting interested parents or others who work with youth. (The suggested ticket price goes to supporting the work of local social justice group PJALS, the Peace and Justice Action League of Spokane. However, if the cost is prohibitive, you can register for free.)

My co-edited book on Erich Fromm’s critical theory (Eds., Kieran Durkin and Joan Braune, Erich Fromm’s Critical Theory: Hope, Humanism, and the Future, Bloomsbury, 2020) is now out in print. It’s a great anthology (though I might be biased)—admittedly pricey, but we are hoping to get it into lots of libraries, and a paperback edition will hopefully be out in the future. It is exciting to see the renewal of work on Erich Fromm’s contribution to Critical Theory, and the anthology represents some of the best work on Fromm done recently, including looking at applications of Fromm’s work to contemporary theory and praxis in responding to authoritarianism, as well as looking at Fromm’s contributions to Marxism, Critical Theory of Religion, and bringing Fromm into dialogue with feminism and other lenses.

Spectres of Fascism (Pluto, 2020), Edited by Samir Gandesha, is also out now in print. I have a chapter in the book exploring Steve Bannon’s ties to fascist ideology. Samir is organizing a number of online presentations from contributors to the book in coming weeks. I am looking forward to joining one of the panels to share some of my more updated research on Bannon, including especially my response to Bannon’s campaign against China and my take on the latest revelations of Bannon’s ties to fascism in the problematic new book War for Eternity by Benjamin Teitelbaum.

I have a new article out in Spokane FAVs (Faith and Values), exploring the psychological appeal of conspiracy theories during the coronavirus.

I was guest again on my friends’ radio show in Milwaukee, “The Grass is Greener”: https://soundcloud.com/user-240416425/the-grass-is-greener-2020-04-2. Topics included: Talk to your kids; Steve Bannon and the Falun Gong; Conspiracy theories.

I also had the honor last month of presenting over zoom to Emerge Washington’s cohort of young progressive Democrat women in training for political leadership and candidacy. We talked about the growing threats communities face due to white supremacist and fascist movements and far-right militia networks.

Pandemic: Talk to Your Kids

Experts on countering white nationalist recruitment are concerned that the Coronavirus outbreak will likely lead to a spike in recruitment into violent white nationalist and fascist organizations. Given the ways that recruiters play on the vulnerabilities of youth who may be feeling isolated and afraid, who may be looking for answers, and who may be spending large amounts of time online (due to having to be inside and not in school), many youth in particular may be targeted for online recruitment at this time.

Recruitment into racist extremist movements can occur at very young ages, and there is no single profile of youth vulnerable to recruitment. Parents and others who work with youth have an opportunity to be proactive in talking with their kids about their online experiences, sharing together in their online life, and helping them grow into critical and caring thinkers and actors in the world. It is not so much a cause for panic as it is a necessary opportunity for families and others who work with youth to foster anti-racist values and teach about online safety.

The best document I have seen on the topic since the pandemic outbreak is this Twitter thread, available here (and also here). It is co-authored by Nora Flanagan and Shannon Martinez. (Nora Flanagan co-authored the important Western States Center pamphlet on Confronting White Nationalism in Schools; Shannon Martinez is a former white nationalist now involved in helping people disengage from hate groups.)

“Get to know your kids’ online spaces,” they recommend. “What games are they playing? Who do they interact with? What support platforms do they use? Steam, Twitch, Discord, Gab, Telegram, Signal, Wire, WhatsApp? What videos are they watching? Which youtubers do they follow? Why?”

“Parents with younger kids: ask if anyone has ever contacted them inside games like Roblox, Minecraft, or Fortnite. Reportedly members affiliated with the hate group Atomwaffen, whose members traffic in child pornography, have reached out to kids as young as 8 years old,” they write.

The idea of course is not to panic about particular platforms—hate is ubiquitous on the internet, and I cannot imagine that any child spending hours a day or week on the internet will not be exposed to it. Rather, experts are urging families to have conversations with their kids about online hate and their online experiences. Check the link for more insights on how to do this.

While not directly on the topic of white nationalist recruitment, I would also like to recommend this series of resources put together by the Southern Poverty Law Center’s Teaching Tolerance team, on dealing with youth trauma during the Coronavirus outbreak; it is likely to be useful to teachers, parents, and others. Parents who are homeschooling (or trying desperately to keep kids occupied) due to the virus, may find useful materials for teaching on the Teaching Tolerance site; for a broader social justice curriculum, I also like the Zinn Education Project and Rethinking Schools.

Periods of global crisis like the one we are currently facing always present both challenges and opportunities. We can respond with fear, racism, xenophobia, nativism, militarism, securitization, and hoarding of resources. Or we can use this opportunity to rediscover our need for community, to rest and reflect with those closest to us (in person or through technology), and to let our vulnerability unite us as we care for each other and create stronger social supports.

Chertok Lecture Report-Back

I had a great time speaking at Eastern Washington University as the annual Chertok Lecture speaker. The student newspaper there carried this article on the event: “Scholar Offers Chilling Assessment of an Ongoing Threat.” We had a packed house and more chairs had to be brought in; audience members, including students, asked a lot of great questions. I met for a couple of hours with student leaders later that afternoon and am impressed by the great work of EWU students against hate and for social justice. I am speaking to faculty from Gonzaga University and EWU next week as the final Chertok Lecture-associated event of the year, this time discussing approaches to dealing with white nationalism on campuses and in our classrooms.